American Staffordshire Terrier or as it is briefly called amstaff - one of the best defenders of the canine world. He is endowed with a natural instinct of protection and an innate instinct for dangerous situations, is well trained and can become an excellent bodyguard.
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History of the breed American Staffordshire Terrier
The history of breeding American Staffordshire Terriers began in the 1800s as a result of the crossing of game-terriers and bulldogs of that time. The resulting breed was initially called a bull terrier, sometimes a pit bull terrier or a pit. Later in England, the name of the Staffordshire Bull Terrier was adopted.
When, in the seventies of the 19th century, they were brought to America and planted there, the breed was called American bull terriers or Yankitieriers. Only in 1972 in the Book of breeds of the American Cynological Club the name of the breed was corrected for the "American Staffordshire Terrier". From the English ancestors, American dogs were more massive and the change in the name of the breed had to consolidate the appearance of a separate breed.
Early ancestors of this breed came to America from England. The first imported dogs were used on farms for a variety of jobs, they were hunted by bears and wild boars, they guarded the house and were simply excellent companions. They were also used for dog fights. Today, Stafford is primarily a show dog and companion.
The American Staffordshire Terrier is a big and very strong dog, well muscled, but agile and elegant. Height at the withers is 44-48 cm, weight - 25-30 kg. Its body is stocky, its front paws are widely spaced, showing a developed chest.
The dog's head is of medium length, wide and with a distinct transition to the muzzle from the forehead. The ears may be cropped or not cropped, planted high, kept standing. Eyes wide apart and deeply set, round, dark. Lips tight not pendulous. The nose of the nose must be black.
The tail is short, low-set, tapering towards the end. Undocked. Color can be any: one-color, spotted, particolor. Only pure white, hepatic or black-tan color are undesirable. Disadvantages of appearance are light eyes, light-brown nose, pink eyelids, too long tail.
Character of the American staffordshire terrier
Dogs of this breed are active and brave, they have purposefulness and a kind of intelligence. Their character combines a number of opposing qualities: affection and strength, intransigence and complacency, perseverance and sensitivity. This breed is unlikely to suit a person who first starts a dog. Staffs are fearless, but strive for their own security. If amstaff decides that they are unfair to him, he will show offense with all his appearance.
This breed can be freely trained, but in its upbringing one should use only positive motivation. The dog can not be coerced, otherwise it will harden.
It is important to teach the team "Give it away!", Sometimes taking a toy or a bone from a puppy. So the owner teaches the dog to see him as a leader, which must be obeyed. Amstaffs are leaders and therefore, when a dog tries to take the place of a leader , it needs to be shaken up properly. Immediately it is necessary to react and to his excessive aggression to other dogs. To conflict arise less than a puppy need to be introduced to peace-loving dogs.
A puppy should be introduced to the world from an early age, immediately after vaccination. It is necessary to walk with him near an intense traffic, visit crowded places, carry in a car or on a bus. So he will quickly get used to and will react more calmly to strangers and incomprehensible situations.
Without a reason Amstaff does not bark or wail. He is ready to start the game always and in any place with any member of the family. In addition to training the necessary teams, it is important in this dog to cultivate the ability to adequately respond to external objects and adapt to the environment.
The maintenance and care of the American Staffordshire Terrier
Amstaff is not suitable for keeping in a courtyard. He needs to live in a house or apartment. It should have its own litter in a dry and warm place. A dog of this breed needs to provide conditions for activity. She needs long walks with good physical activity. To do this, you can play ball, doport, walk for longer, and during the warm season actively swim.
Wool at amstaff is very short and therefore needs little care. It is enough to comb it regularly with a brush with a coarse stubble and, if necessary, bathe. To wool glistening, the dog can be wiped clean with car suede.
Before bathing, you should check the skin for irritation, which may indicate a bacterial infection. If there are cuts or wounds, you need to make sure that they are not dangerous. Also it is necessary for the dog to cut his claws in time and to clean his ears.
Health and most common amstaff disease
Dogs of this breed survive to 12 - 15 years with proper care. First of all, from the puppy's age it is necessary to monitor the timely vaccination and every three to four months to conduct deworming of the dog. In the warm period of the year - from the end of March to the first frosts, it is necessary to treat the dog with a preparation against ticks and fleas or to put on a special collar.
American Staffordshire terriers most often encounter such diseases as arthritis and hip dysplasia. They are prone to bloating and genetic non-healing of the botulinum duct, which leads to a delay in physical development and a tendency to pulmonary diseases. It is not uncommon for amstaffs to have deafness and eye disease: cataracts, progressive retinal atrophy, eyelid twist. Of mammary tumors, mastocytoma or cancer of mast cells leads. Frequently, granulomas and dermal histiocytomas arise.
Prices for puppies
The cost of a puppy of the American Staffordshire Terrier depends on its class and possible future. Regular pedigreed puppies without documents cost about 200 dollars . Puppies show class, with the prospect of performing at exhibitions and participation in breeding are up to 1300 dollars .