Read more about the breed of dogs American Akita . Care and maintenance of American Akita, the nature of the dog, photo, the price of puppies.
Just a couple of decades ago dog breeders of the world knew only about one breed of Japanese dogs - Akita Inu . Her fame was largely contributed to the history of Hachiko. This dog followed everywhere the master, Professor of Tokyo University Hideasaburo Ueno. The man went to work on the train, so the dog saw him off to the Shibuya railway station in the morning, and in the afternoon met there.
But one day the professor did not return from work. At the lecture, he suffered a stroke, and the doctors could not save Hideasaburo. Hachiko survived the owner for 9 years and all this time he came every day to the station in the hope of seeing him. Thanks to this touching story, the Akita Inu breed became a symbol of devotion and sincere love. And in the 90 years it was divided into two breeds ...
American Akita: characteristics
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
History of the origin of the breed
Most Japanese dogs were "Akit-like". A compact physique, thick woolen covering, standing triangular ears, ring-tailed tail - all these signs brought them closer to the appearance of the Laika. True, most akit had lengthened cheekbones and some have blue tongue. All these varieties differed only in size and color.
I must say that Akita is the oldest Japanese breed. Archaeologists have discovered clay figurines of dogs, made around the 2nd millennium BC. E.
Appearance of these ancient dogs resembles the appearance of Akita. It is believed that the breed was bred by crossing dogs from the north of the country with large Chinese go dogs.
The ancestors of the Akita were popular at all times, but mostly they were used by the inhabitants of northwestern Japan. The archives contain the records dated 6th century, where the rules of upbringing and breeding of these hunting dogs are described in detail. Strong pets participated in the hunt for deer, wild boar and even bears.
A Gift of the Chroniclers
The Japanese began to conduct their dogs' tribal books for 300 years before the Europeans. Indigenous people very much cherished their ancestral breeds. When in the 16th century European dogs entered Asia through Asia, the Japanese developed a classification of their four-legged friends. They divided them into working dogs, domestic and imported. Of course, the latter were not allowed to be selected.
Hunter and watchman
Over time, the professional skills of dogs significantly expanded. Already in the Tokugawa era the Akites turned into excellent watchmen. They defended Japanese homes from thieves and host families from intruders. A thick warm coat allowed them to live in the street all year round and regularly carry out their service.
Japanese mountaineers as before used Akita to hunt bears and other animals. In fact, it was a universal breed, which coped well with many duties.
At the end of the 19th century, Akita had another profession. By crossing the breed with European aliens: the English mastiff, the Tibetan mastiff and the St. Bernard , the fighting version was withdrawn. But these dogs had nothing to do with their ancient relatives. And although in 1908 battles were banned, they continued to be conducted in secret, and the dogs were worth their weight in gold.
The real Akitas by this time were preserved only in remote Japanese villages. Here they were still used to protect the home and hunt for large animals.
On the verge of extinction
In 1854, Japan signed an agreement with the United States on the opening of ports. The country was flooded with foreigners. Many of them took with them and faithful four-legged friends. No one controlled the crossing of native breeds at that time. Therefore, the number of purebred Akit began to decline rapidly.
Only in the 1920s, the government worried about their fate. The Society for the Conservation of Aboriginal Japanese Breeds was founded. This organization has renewed the tradition of conducting pedigree books. In addition, she began to hold dog shows and recognized several originally Japanese breeds, including Akita.
Alas, during the Second World War, the work that had been done was gone. The number of akit in Japan has significantly decreased. The soft fluffy fur of these dogs was very attractive, so the military often used it to make warm sheepskin coats. The disappeared breed was saved by the government of the country. Politicians took the number of dogs under their control. The Akit population was inhomogeneous: there were also fighting dogs, and akit-shepherds, and matagi, the only preserved features of ancient Japanese breeds.
They became the parents of the renewed Akita. I had to carefully select dogs without "European" impurities. The painstaking work of breeders to restore Akita was completed in 1963, when the Japanese Kennel Club recognized the breed.
Simultaneously with the Japanese, the Americans became interested in the Akita. During the Second World War, US soldiers brought to their homeland large dogs from the country of the rising sun. Beautiful and brave dogs immediately became popular in the States.
Already in 1956 the first club of breeders appeared. True, the direction of their work differed from the goals of Japanese cynologists. While the Japanese tried to restore Akita's ancient appearance, the Americans tried to create a completely new dog. They managed it by the 1960s.
A big difference
Modern Akitas, both Japanese and American, are quite different from the ancient Japanese aboriginal dogs. To notice this, it is enough to look at the stuffed dog Hachiko in the Tokyo Museum of Natural Sciences. The ancient Akita looked even simpler and fiercer, because they were used for protection and hunting.
One or two?
It is interesting that the fate of Akit took shape in Europe. This brought in and the "Japanese" and "Americans." For a long time they participated in exhibitions on an equal footing as one breed. But by the end of the 1980s, Japanese breeders finally decided on the appearance of their offspring. They brought the akita closer to the Spitz-shaped dogs with a fox head. In addition, from the breeding, individuals with a black mask and spotted fur coat were excluded, which were often encountered in American Akit with bearish features of the muzzle.
In 1996, most countries recognized the breed as different. And only in the USA, Canada and Great Britain this division does not work. Here, for breeding often use dogs of both types.
The nature of the American Akita
Given the serious hunting and guarding past of Akita, the owner will have to reckon with the strong character of the Japanese-American dog. Yes, she is calm, balanced and, like Khachiko, is devoted to her beloved master. But the respect of this Japanese samurai still needs to be earned. Persuasion by force in his case will not work.
It is necessary since the childhood to learn the pet and to bring up in it the best qualities. Otherwise it will turn into a 55-kilogram unruly dog. Alas, monotonous, boring training is not for him at all. The best approach to Akita - education in a game form. Here, probably, you need the help of a trainer . Do this until the puppy is 3 months old.
By the way, the breed perfectly coexists with children, especially if they know them from puppyhood. But the noisy dog looks at the world in its own way. Overly noisy games of your children with friends can be perceived wrong. The four legged defender will try to restore order and drive away the "offenders". Therefore, it is better not to leave a pet alone with children.
The instinct of the hunter will also remind you of himself. Dog, like a cat, will pursue any small living creatures. Therefore, in the city line Akita must be taken out on a leash. She can chase a bird, a rat and a stray cat. Moreover, he will do it in silence, with a calm and concentrated look.
This breed will especially appeal to people who do not tolerate canine barking. The Akitians prefer to remain silent, and words from them will not be stretched. Only in exceptional cases they can voice. For example, to drive away a stranger from a guarded house. In general, this breed is stingy for emotions. But she expresses her love for the master very specifically: she can lick it from head to foot.
Care and maintenance of the American Akita
Since Akitas have a rather heavy backbone, puppies can not be overloaded. Do not make four-legged adolescents of this breed carry burdens for the development of muskratura. Joints, ligaments and muscles should be strengthened only as a result of balanced feeding and proportional to the age of the load.
Although Akita's luxurious coat does not have to be combed often. Only during moulting will the grooming be done daily. But exhibition dogs have to endure a hairdresser more often. The wool of the pet is processed to make it bigger. This increases the attractiveness of Akita in the ring.
Akita will be stifling and uncomfortable at home. This dog is created for outdoor maintenance. And if you already brought her into the city, then you will have to walk with such a pet for a long time - the hunter's blood always calls him to nature. Alas, with other dogs the breed rarely gets along. In the company of relatives, he tries to be a leader and can provoke a fight. Even early socialization will not help here. In a word, it is easier for akit to walk alone.
Although 2000 is considered the foundation year of the breed, the American Akita, in the genes of this pet is built the centuries-old memory of distant Japanese ancestors. In short, Akita is a brave, well-balanced and strong dog for a wise and serious master.
The cost of American Akita, however, like dogs of other breeds, depends on the class of the dog. If this, the so-called pet class, pets without pedigrees of documents, the price is in the range of 10 000 - 12 000 rubles .
Puppy class breeders have all the necessary documents, they are admitted to further breeding breeding and cost from 15,000 to 30,000 rubles .
In the puppies of the show class, parents are champions of various exhibitions and, as a rule, these pets have excellent exhibition perspectives. Such dogs cost from 50 000 rubles and above.