Akita Inu is a Japanese song among all the dogs of the world. Only the name of the breed makes their fans blush in a smile. If it would be necessary to describe this dog in one word, then "dignity" would be fine. 70 years ago Akita Inu became a national treasure and a monument of Japanese nature.
Most Japanese breeds have become famous among dog breeders, such as hokkaido, shikoku, shiba, kishu, koshinu-ino, etc., but all these breeds simply can not compete with akita-inu. Such a confession was obtained only by her, and so far no dog could repeat her success.
- Akita Inu
- General description of the Akita Inu
- Character of Akita Inu
- The Akita Inu breed standard: the main characteristics
- Varieties of Akita Inu
- Contents, feeding and care
- Training and education
- How to choose a puppy and where to buy?
- Health and possible problems
- Cultivation of Akita Inu and price
|Tendency to training|
|Attitudes towards children|
Akita is an incredibly impressive and amazing creature, every movement, look, posture, gait, her head, trunk and a twirled tail exude nobility, power and strength. Despite the fact that this dog differs a little dense physique, its proportions are perfect, the appearance is exquisite, and the appearance is respected.
Her popularity is growing not only through appearance, but also thanks to the power of her captivating nature. Akita is incredibly temperamental and bold, but, at the same time, very obedient and restrained. These dogs were preferred by brave Japanese samurai. They believed that only this breed is capable of becoming their worthy reflection. They were also used as guard of the emperor. This is the result of an excellent hunting instinct and the qualities that nature endowed with the act.
Where and when did Akita appear: the history of the formation of the breed
The history of Akita Inu is very interesting, this breed belongs to the 14 most ancient breeds in the world. These are not just words or legends, this fact was proved by scientists who studied in detail the pedigree of the dog and conducted a genetic study. The remains of this rock are also found in the territory of modern Japan and date back to about 2 millennium BC. In addition, antique drawings were found on which a dog is depicted, in appearance very similar to the modern Akita Inu.
On inventing the original name for the breed, the Japanese decided not to spend much time and imagination. In Japanese, "inu" means "dog," and "Akita" is the name of a mountain province in the northern part of Honshu. The first dogs with a developed appearance appeared in that area as early as the 17th century, and their appearance remained unchanged to this day. They were favorite pets at the most influential statesmen, royal nobility and even emperors.
This is one of the few breeds that is truly "purebred" without the "impurities" of new blood. Initially Akita was a favorite guard in peasant houses and an excellent hunter, but in the 18th century dogs changed their class identity and became "elite". A law was issued where it was prescribed that a person who dared to offend or kill akita-inu was subjected to severe punishment. After a while this breed was available only to members of the imperial family and the ruling aristocracy.
It should be noted that this fact greatly affected the development of the breed as a whole. The content, feeding and care of akita have become a special ceremony. Each dog had its own servant, as well as special leashes and collars for which the dog's rank and the social status of its owner could be determined. Everything around had to correspond to the respect that the Akita used.
In 1927 the Conservation Society Akita Inu was created. This was done in order to preserve the pure breed, and that the akit was not crossed with other dogs. During the Second World War most of the Akita Inu were sent to the front for military use. In those days, the cultivation of the Akita a little stalled, due to lack of food and funds for maintenance. In Japan, managed to save only a few purebred, but despite this the breed survived the post-war time and managed to retain all its natural qualities.
There is an opinion that the progenitor of Akita was a Chinese Spitz-like dog, mixed with the blood of mastiffs. There is also another theory that a beautiful Akita emerged by mixing the Siberian husky and mastiff. Although Akita is a bit like a Russian dog, but they have nothing in common.
In the 19th century, a huge number of other breeds poured into Japan (dogs, bulldogs, St. Bernards). The Japanese wanted to create a more aggressive breed that could protect not only their family, but also property. Today we can not say exactly that incest has somehow affected the appearance and characteristics of the Akita, but thanks to these crosses, such breeds as carafuto and tosa-inu appeared. Over the past 50 years, the Akita Inu has also changed a little, a more powerful and dense complex has appeared, as well as more aggression and temperament.
General description of the Akita Inu
Akita Inu is harmony in everything. Her whole being "screams" that this dog is a representative of Oriental culture with its restraint, tranquility and great dignity. But under the "upper layer" of calm lies an ardent temperament. In the environment of her relatives she is significantly transformed, becomes active and sociable.
This "Japanese treasure" can conquer a man with his own eyes. Her expressive, slanting eyes seemed to be "saturated" with wisdom. Someone may disagree and say that apart from the special muzzle and the "twisted" remembered tail, Akita no longer has anything expressive. But this is not so. Its powerful trunk and proud posture distinguish this dog among many.
Akita is very active and cheerful, she easily attaches herself to her master. But for this, she must feel his mutual love and friendliness.
It is interesting to know that ... Akita's devotion to her friend and master is borne out by a true story that happened back in 1925. The dog was called Hachiko. A small two-month Akita Inu came into the house to a Japanese professor who immensely loved his new friend. Growing up, Hachiko saw off every day and met his master at the railway station. But in May 1925 the professor died of a heart attack before he could return home. A faithful dog has proved his devotion and love for a long 11 years. He went every day to the station and waited for the master, who would never return. Seven years later, one of the journalists decided to publish an article about an incredible dog, and this story received wide coverage throughout Japan. After the death of the dog, at the station Shibuya in the suburbs of Tokyo, thanks to the collected charitable funds, a monument was erected to the most faithful friend of man - Hachiko.
Character of Akita Inu
The nature of the Akita is a combination of all the positive qualities that are inherent in the rest of the species. However implausible it may sound, Akita practically does not have negative aspects of character. From the very puppy's age, all Akitas are distinguished by a mischievous, cheerful and playful character. Spontaneous attacks of aggression or changes in the mood for this dog do not apply. Her temperament is balanced, it seems that she in any situation "keeps herself in the clutches." Before rushing into battle or interceding for the master, she will thoroughly study the situation, assess her further actions and possible consequences. Akita is very clever, one can even say that she has the wisdom accumulated for centuries.
The negative traits of her character include unlimited curiosity and the desire to be always aware of all current events. Its curious and very beautiful nose, it pops into every crack in your house, in every box, etc. Only hearing the noise, it will immediately be in place, in order to know the cause of its occurrence. Sometimes Akita happens too much. But fortunately or, unfortunately, this quality disappears with the passage of time, when the dog is fully matured.
Akita Inu can become an excellent friend of any family, she is also good for single-parent households, for which she is able to become an indispensable companion. If your house has small children, then there is an opportunity to shift some of the responsibilities for the entertainment of kids to Akita.
The most important distinguishing feature of this breed is spontaneity and individuality. To Akita was able to show all its natural qualities and intelligence, it must necessarily be dealt with from the very first months to the end of life. It is noteworthy that akita puppy is considered to be up to 2-2.5 years old. Paying proper attention to Akita, communicating with her and satisfying her curiosity, you will necessarily pay all the costs and as a result get an intelligent and faithful friend.
After the dog crosses the threshold of puppyhood and becomes an adult, restraint and concentration appears in it. Her behavior becomes calm, and the whole appearance says that she is completely independent. But it should be noted that silent and confident behavior, as well as a serene look - it's just a mask, under which lies a very soft, friendly and sensitive creature.
Akita is ready to be friends with all members of the family, but under one important condition - people should treat her with respect and reciprocate her. This dog always appreciates a good attitude towards himself, but it is very easy to offend her feelings. Although the entire appearance of the Akita speaks of its independence and unwillingness to listen to others, it is not. She is not at all inclined to dirty tricks and self-will. Akita is very obedient and even submissive.
To the strangers or to potential "enemies" the akita refers to a hidden distrust. She never exposes her vigilance and alertness for show. Everything becomes much more difficult when there is another dog nearby. Whether it's just a neighbor's dog on a walk or a new pet, Akita will always see him as his enemy, which encroaches on her "sacred" territory. In this case, she does not hide her aggression and can immediately rush into the fight. Perhaps this is an innate sense of domination over other four-legged. This is another negative trait of character, when even the most beloved master can not stop his pet.
Akita Inu is very well built up. This is a very strong, muscular, strong dog, characterized by a heavy and flat head with a short snout, a bit like a bear. Its body is slightly stretched, and the chest is wide and flat, the back is straight.
It would seem that this dog is a classic form, but its appearance is very original. Eyes, ears and a broad forehead make it look like a bear, a wolf and a fox at the same time. Akita by nature has a high growth (from 67 to 74 cm). This is the largest dog among all the Spitz.
The Akita Inu breed standard: the main characteristics
Country of origin - Japan.
The former name of the breed is Japanese dog.
General view: a large dog with a perfectly balanced and sturdy physique, a heavy bone, a powerful musculature, a wide head slightly blunted in the shape of a triangle, a small incision, erect open ears.
Temperament and behavior: friendly, distrustful, cautious, bold and obedient, with a strong sense of self-worth.
Head: large, but proportional to the trunk. When viewed from above, the shape of the Akita's head resembles a dumb triangle.
Skull: wide and flat between the ears, and between the eyes is a hollow, strongly approaching the forehead.
Nose: the lobe is large and black, slight pigmentation is allowed only for dogs of white color.
Lips: black, tight-fitting jaw; Pink tongue.
Ears: in comparison with the size of the head, the ears of the Akita are small enough, open, standing. The tip of the ear should reach the eye if you tilt it slightly forward. Ears are in the form of a triangle, but the ends are slightly rounded.
Eyes: small, triangular, not convex, dark brown in color (independent of primary color). The eyelids are black.
Neck: Sufficiently thick with strong musculature. Short, minimal suspension, towards the shoulders gradually widens.
Skin: not too close to the body, but not too loose. Light folds are possible.
Back: straight and even, the loin is muscular.
Chest: developed, broad, deep.
Tail: large, overgrown with hair, set high, keeps slightly curled and thrown back, rarely rests along the back, wrapped in three-quarters of the ring, the tip hangs to the side. Coat is coarse and long.
Extremities: the forelegs are powerful and straight, the back - powerful and wide, slightly apart.
Paws: cat, straight, crumb thick, knuckles bulge.
Wool: double, with a thick and soft undercoat. The integumentary hair is slightly longer than the undercoat and much coarser. The average length of the wool throughout the body is 5 cm on the tail and on the stomach is slightly longer.
Color: Color can be any (white, red, fawn, etc.). Possible brindle or piebald. Any color should be clean and clear, without divorce. Existing spots should be with a clear contour and not blur. The color of the undercoat may differ slightly from the main hair.
Sizes: height at the withers at the dog is from 66 to 71 cm, at the bitch - 61-66 cm.
Varieties of Akita Inu
Since the moment when the modern Akita was created, with its unique and recognizable appearance, it actually did not change. To date, there are several varieties in the world that have emerged by crossing Akita with a German shepherd. These serious changes occurred with the dog in the middle of the last century. At that time, there were 3 types of Akita known: fighting, shepherd and hunting. But, at about the same time, the cynologists decided to recreate the initial appearance of the Akita, restore its natural qualities and restore the thoroughbred. The result of their long and hard work was the modern Japanese Akita, which today is known in all countries.
There is red and brindle Akita. They are only cultivated in several regions of Japan, but are common among many dog breeders around the world. Tiger color allows the presence of black, red or white. Red Akita is a red-haired dog with white spots on the paws, muzzle and abdomen.
White Akita was bred in the middle of the 20th century. The dog should be all white, except for the black lobe of the nose.
American Akita is a large and stocky dog. Many Russian breeders prefer this particular variety.
Contents, feeding and care
It is worth noting that if you decide to become a happy owner of Akita Inu, then you can not worry about the costs of care and maintenance. In this regard, Akita is not choosy. This dog can be kept both on the street and in the apartment. Her thick and warm "coat" will not allow her to freeze in the yard, even in the harshest winter. But still, if you decide to leave Akita wintering on the street, then worry about a good booth with a warmed floor.
And the "apartment" Akitas need a daily two-time walk, a minimum of 2 hours each. During the walk, Akita is more than calm, she steps proudly and with restraint alongside her beloved master. But if the company meets the right kindred, then she happily frolics and runs away. Also, "apartment" Akita will not receive sufficient physical exertion. This should pay attention and do not let her gain too much excess weight. In this case, the dog can become lazy, indifferent and even disobedient.
As for wool, there is also no need for complex maintenance. It's enough just to spend 2 days a week on thorough combing and combing out the coils. The moulting period may become a little difficult. At this time, the dog will need your help. To ease her anguish and speed up the process of updating the "fur coat", you need to comb it out with a special brush or mittens every day.
Akita is not a dog that can often be exposed to water procedures. Regular bathing can lead to various diseases. It will be enough 2-3 bathing per year. And you need to use only special detergents for dogs. After that, her hair should be thoroughly dried with a towel or a hairdryer.
To the choice of food for akita must be taken responsibly and carefully, as indeed for any other dog. Do not feed the dog from your table. The best option is to choose the right dry food. Although you can combine it with a traditional, but balanced food. For example, a couple of times a week to treat akita low-fat cottage cheese or yogurt, lean piece of meat and vegetable broth. In dry food, the availability of all vitamins and the necessary trace elements is already provided. The pet should always have clean and fresh water. During moult it is desirable to combine food with special additives that promote a good growth of healthy wool.
Training and education
If you decide to engage in the education and training of Akita, then be prepared for disobedience, stock up with a lot of patience and free time. Akita is a very proud, self-willed and independent dog with a difficult character.
One has only to recall the phrase of one of the heroes of the famous feature film about Khatiko: "Akita is a true Japanese, and he will bring you the ball only in those cases if he has good reasons for it". Therefore, if you have just recently become a beginner in dog breeding, then this activity may seem impossible.
Education of Akita must be consistent and affectionate. But, at the same time, the owner must be firm and "flexible." If the Akita senses from your side at least a hint of authoritarianism, pressure and rudeness, then it can close, hard experiencing this situation. And before you execute the command, she will first think and only after that can perform, or simply turn around and leave. It seems that she simply does not see the point in what her master is asking for.
Educate Akita must start from puppyhood or from the moment the dog crossed the threshold of your house. It is necessary at the very first stage to make an effort and try to instil in the dog respect for all members of the family, and also to get rid of possible bad habits in time.
Akita becomes an adult after 2 years. If you long dragged and decided to raise a dog from this age, then you may not start. During this period, her personal opinion about everything has already formed, and it will be almost impossible to change her mind. Moreover, if you do not engage in education, training and training of Akita in time, this incredibly clever creature simply can not develop the level of intelligence for which it is valued and loved all over the world.
It is necessary to let the small Akita Inu know that you are the boss in the house, but you are also a friend. The dog should feel equal with you, but do not allow yourself to superfluous. You need to try to explain how you want it to treat members of your family, friends and strangers. In the case of akita, as with other dogs, the reflex of the positive works well in the process of education. Encourage her every success with goodies and kind words.
It is also important to pay attention and allocate time for the socialization of the baby Akita Inu. Since by nature this dog is born a dominant, and even a small puppy will try to "crush" each dog under him. But under the strict guidance of his master, the puppy can avoid the fate of an aggressive and uncontrollable dog.
How to choose a puppy and where to buy?
The very first and one of the most important rules concerning the purchase of the akita karapusa - in no case do not buy a puppy on the market or from an untested vendor who will offer you a dog on the street or in the subway. Akita is a thoroughbred dog, and even if the Japanese offers you a pup that says that it's "the same dog as the movie about Hachiko," then do not take chances. The most trusted and reliable place to choose and buy a thoroughbred dog is a club of the Akita Inu breed. Even better, if this club was recognized all over the world.
Here, finally, you got to the puppies. Choose a litter with a small number of kids. Focus on the average parameters. Before you go for a purchase, decide on the purpose for which you want to purchase a pet. Should he in the future become a champion and a manufacturer or a faithful and devoted friend for you and your family. If the first option, then the club must be sent with a dog specialist or an expert of this breed. And if you are looking for a friend for the soul, then focus on the following few tips that will help make the choice yourself:
- The first thing you need to ask the seller is the pedigree of the dog, as well as the letters or prizes of her parents. All information about health, possible genetic diseases or the presence of an allergic reaction.
- Do not buy a puppy whose parents were in close relationship. This can have a bad effect on his health and development.
- It is advisable to look at parents, to communicate with them. Check how well they go on contact, what their character, will be able to notice any particular psyche. Having studied all this, you can "create" the future character of a small pet and understand what you can expect from it.
- Appearance, condition and behavior will help determine the choice of a healthy puppy. Observe how a small Akita eats, plays, communicates with his brethren. It is also necessary to check if the dog has ticks, fleas, worms and other parasites. Eyes should shine, ears clean without excretions. The puppy should not give off an unpleasant smell or smell of a dog. The "coat" of a healthy baby is clean, shiny, with no collars. Teeth are even, without damage, claws are whole. It is permissible for a small Akita to be slightly well-fed. But he must be active, playful, without obvious signs of aggression and cowardice.
- The most important thing is the reaction of a new pet to its potential owner. In his eyes, boundless curiosity and a desire to communicate must be clearly read. His interest should gradually develop into a tireless desire to play. Only then can we be sure that this kid is ready for new adventures with a new owner.
Health and possible problems
In general, akita-inu is quite a healthy dog. But there are propensities to certain diseases, which are extremely rare:
- Dysplasia of the joints - in such cases, the dog can be simply immobilized. At the same time, she experiences severe pain. The disease is genetic, inherited, therefore, such dogs are excluded from breeding.
- The turn of the century - this defect is also inherited. The edge of the century is turned inward or outward. Correction only operable.
- Zavorot stomach is not a hereditary disease. It occurs as a result of overeating and lack of movement. The greater the weight of the Akita, the more likely it is to turn. To prevent this pathology, it is necessary to carefully select the diet for the dog and monitor the amount eaten (2-3 times a day, in small portions).
Cultivation of Akita Inu and price
Since akita-inu refers to the rocks of late development, and the maturation occurs only to 2 years, the mating should be started no earlier than the 3rd heat in the bitch. If the dog is healthy and does not have any significant changes in the standards after breeding, then pregnancy and childbirth should go well. On average, the litter of an adult knot consists of 4-6 puppies. Although this breed is characterized by a multiple pregnancy with 8-14 puppies in the litter. Pregnancy in akita lasts from 57 to 62 days.
To cultivate Akita Inu must either a professional and an expert, or a competent novice, but with the help of a professional and experienced breeder. If an illiterate amateur decided to enrich himself by breeding Akita, then you should know that this case is almost hopeless and threatens to fail. After all, the price of a healthy thoroughbred puppy is quite high - from 70 thousand rubles and more . Potential buyers are frightened by only one figure. Plus, many are concerned about the difficulties with upbringing and training, and not quite happy with the "unremarkable" appearance of the dog.